Individual ionization constants of all the carboxyl groups in ribonuclease HI from Escherichia coli determined by NMR

Biochemistry
Y OdaH Nakamura

Abstract

All of the individual carboxyl groups (the side-chain carboxyl groups of Asp and Glu, and the C-terminal alpha-carboxyl group) in Escherichia coli ribonuclease HI, which is an enzyme that cleaves the RNA strand of a RNA/DNA hybrid, were pH-titrated, and their ionization constants (pKa) were determined from an analysis of the pH-dependent chemical shifts of the carboxyl carbon resonances obtained from 1H-13C heteronuclear two-dimensional NMR. The pKa values in the enzyme varied widely among individual residues, for example, in the unusual pKa values for two important catalytic residues, Asp10 (pKa 6.1) and Asp70 (pKa 2.6). Moreover, remarkable two-step titrations were observed for these carboxylates. The binding of Mg2+ ion to the enzyme, which is the cofactor necessary for catalytic activity, caused no significant change in the pKa values of the carboxyl groups, except for that of Asp10. The variations of the pKas that were dependent on the microenvironment in the protein were theoretically reproduced to compare with the experimental results by a numerical calculation, using a continuum electrostatic model. Most of the significant pKa decreases were brought about through strong electrostatic interactions with the neighboring ba...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

RNH1 protein, S cerevisiae
Aspartic Acid, Magnesium-Potassium (2:1:2) Salt
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Glutamic Acids
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Magnesium
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Ribonuclease H, Calf Thymus
Potassium Glutamate

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