May 19, 2000

Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in children

Thorax
K R SmithN Bruce

Abstract

A critical review was conducted of the quantitative literature linking indoor air pollution from household use of biomass fuels with acute respiratory infections in young children, which is focused on, but not confined to, acute lower respiratory infection and pneumonia in children under two years in less developed countries. Biomass in the form of wood, crop residues, and animal dung is used in more than two fifths of the world's households as the principal fuel. Medline and other electronic databases were used, but it was also necessary to secure literature from colleagues in less developed countries where not all publications are yet internationally indexed. The studies of indoor air pollution from household biomass fuels are reasonably consistent and, as a group, show a strong significant increase in risk for exposed young children compared with those living in households using cleaner fuels or being otherwise less exposed. Not all studies were able to adjust for confounders, but most of those that did so found that strong and significant risks remained. It seems that the relative risks are likely to be significant for the exposures considered here. Since acute lower respiratory infection is the chief cause of death in chil...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Acute Respiratory Infections
Avian Crop
Lignite
LUC7L3 gene
Acute Disease
Respiratory Tract Infections
Experimental Lung Inflammation
Upper Respiratory Infections
Feces
Pneumonia

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