May 1, 1972

Induction and characterization of -galactosidase in an extreme thermophile

Journal of Bacteriology
J T UlrichK L Temple

Abstract

A thermostable beta-galactosidase (EC 3.2.1.23; beta-dgalactoside galactohydrolase) was found to be inducible in an extreme thermophile resembling Thermus aquaticus. Enzyme induction was achieved by the addition of lactose, galactose, or the alpha-galactoside, melibiose, to growing cultures. The addition of glucose to induced cultures had a repressive effect on further enzyme synthesis. The enzyme was purified 78-fold, and the optimum temperature and pH for activity were determined to be 80 C and pH 5.0, respectively. The enzyme was activated by both manganese and ferrous iron. Sulfhydryl activation and thermal stabilization indicate that the thermophilic beta-galactosidase is a sulfhydryl enzyme. Kinetic determinations at 80 C established a K(m) of 2.0 x 10(-3)m for the chromogenic substrate o-nitrophenyl beta-d-galactopyranoside (ONPG) and a K(1) of 7.5 x 10(-3)m for lactose. The Arrhenius energy of activation (for the hydrolysis of ONPG) was calculated to be 13.7 kcal/mole. A molecular weight of 5.7 x 10(5) daltons was estimated by elution of the enzyme from Sephadex 4B.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Manganese
Anhydrous lactose
GLB1
Hot Temperature
Disaccharides
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Galactose
Anhydrous Dextrose
Enzyme Induction
Ammonium Sulfate

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