Sep 11, 2020Paper

Induction of a regulatory myeloid program in bacterial sepsis and severe COVID-19

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Miguel ReyesNir Hacohen


A recent estimate suggests that one in five deaths globally are associated with sepsis 1 . To date, no targeted treatment is available for this syndrome, likely due to substantial patient heterogeneity 2,3 and our lack of insight into sepsis immunopathology 4 . These issues are highlighted by the current COVID-19 pandemic, wherein many clinical manifestations of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection parallel bacterial sepsis 5-8 . We previously reported an expanded CD14+ monocyte state, MS1, in patients with bacterial sepsis or non-infectious critical illness, and validated its expansion in sepsis across thousands of patients using public transcriptomic data 9 . Despite its marked expansion in the circulation of bacterial sepsis patients, its relevance to viral sepsis and association with disease outcomes have not been examined. In addition, the ontogeny and function of this monocyte state remain poorly characterized. Using public transcriptomic data, we show that the expression of the MS1 program is associated with sepsis mortality and is up-regulated in monocytes from patients with severe COVID-19. We found that blood plasma from bacterial sepsis or COVID-19 patients with severe disease induces emergency myelopoiesis and expression of ...Continue Reading


Feb 3, 2021·Nature Reviews. Immunology·Filippo VegliaDmitry I Gabrilovich
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