Induction of autophagic cell death and radiosensitization by the pharmacological inhibition of nuclear factor-kappa B activation in human glioma cell lines

Journal of Neurosurgery
Yoshifumi TsuboiShunro Endo


The intrinsic radioresistance of certain cancer cells may be closely associated with the constitutive activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activity, which may lead to protection from apoptosis. Recently, nonapoptotic cell death, or autophagy, has been revealed as a novel response of cancer cells to ionizing radiation. In the present study, the authors analyzed the effect of pitavastatin as a potential inhibitor of NF-kappaB activation on the radiosensitivity of A172, U87, and U251 human glioma cell lines. The pharmacological inhibition of NF-kappaB activation was achieved using pitavastatin, an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase. Growth and radiosensitivity assays were performed using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Hoechst 33258 staining, supravital acridine orange staining, and electron microscopy were performed utilizing 3 glioma cell lines with or without pitavastatin pretreatment to identify apoptosis or autophagy after irradiation. The growth of these 3 glioma cell lines was not significantly inhibited by pitavastatin at a concentration of up to 1 microM. Treatment with 0.1 microM of pitavastatin enhanced radiation-induced cell death in all ...Continue Reading


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Methods Mentioned

antisense oligodeoxynucleotide
fluorescence microscopy
electron microscopy
Protein Assay
transmission electron microscopy

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