Mar 1, 1993

Induction of cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases in hamster tissues by fasting

Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
T H UengF P Guengerich

Abstract

The effects of fasting on liver, kidney, and lung monooxygenases were studied using hamsters starved for 4 days. Fasting treatment increased microsomal cytochrome P450 content and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase activity in kidney and lung. The treatment caused significant increases of aniline hydroxylation, N-nitrosodimethylamine demethylation, and 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylation activities in the liver, kidney, and lung. Fasting caused a threefold increase of benzphetamine N-demethylation activity in lung and a 25% increase in liver and had no effect in kidney. Benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylation activities in the fasted hamster liver, kidney, and lung were higher, lower, and similar to the controls, respectively. Gel electrophoresis of tissue microsomes from control and fasted hamsters revealed that fasting enhanced the intensity of protein band(s) in the P450 molecular weight region. Immunoblotting of the microsomal proteins showed that fasting induced a protein crossreactive with rabbit antibody raised against human P450 2E1 in hamster liver, kidney, and lung. Immunoblotting analysis using mouse monoclonal antibody 2-66-3 raised against rat P450 2B1 revealed that fasting induced an immunorelated protein preferentially in hamster ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Aniline
Immunoblotting, Reverse
NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
Lung
Microsomes
Cytochrome P450
Benzopyrene Hydroxylase
Hamsters
Pyrene
Cross Reactions

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