PMID: 6977498Dec 1, 1981Paper

Induction of cytotoxic activity in human lymphocytes against autologous and allogeneic melanoma cells in vitro by culture with interleukin 2

International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer
P HerseyW McCarthy

Abstract

The influence of interleukin 2(IL2) on the cytotoxic activity of lymphocytes from patients with melanoma against autologous and a variety of allogeneic melanoma cells was studied. IL2 was produced from blood lymphocytes cultured for 24 h with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and purified by membrane chromatography to exclude PHA. Lymphocytes from 13 patients with melanoma at various clinical stages were cultured fro 6 days with IL2 (2 U/ml) and then tested for cytotoxic activity against autologous melanoma cells, three allogeneic melanoma and three non-melanoma cells. Autologous cytotoxicity was generated by culture with IL2 alone and was not increased by culture with both IL2 and autologous tumour cells. Marked increases in cytotoxic activity were also generated against the allogeneic target cells and were maximal against the NK-insensitive Chang target cells. Similar degrees of cytotoxicity were induced by IL2 stimulation of lymphocytes from melanoma patients, patients with nonmelanoma carcinoma and normal subjects against the allogeneic target cells. Cold target inhibition studies were carried out against IL2 induced autologous cytotoxicity in five patients. In four of five studies the autologous target cells inhibited more than th...Continue Reading

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Tumor Antigens
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