May 26, 2020

Infant antibody levels following 10-valent pneumococcal-protein D conjugate and DTaP-Hib vaccinations in the first year of life after maternal Tdap vaccination: An open-label, parallel, randomised controlled trial

Vaccine
Daan BarugNynke Y Rots

Abstract

Maternal antibody levels after Tdap vaccination during pregnancy may affect infant primary antibody responses to pertussis, Tetanus toxoid (TT), Diphtheria toxoid (DT) vaccinations and pneumococcal vaccines with diphtheria toxin mutants like CRM197 as carrier protein. Mothers were recruited in an open label randomised parallel controlled trial in 2014-2016 through midwifes. They received Tdap [Boostrix] at 30-32 weeks of pregnancy (n = 58) or within 48 h after delivery (n = 60). Infants received DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB [Infanrix Hexa] and 10-valent protein D conjugated pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV10 [Synflorix]) at age 3, 5 and 11 months. We now report on infant specific IgG levels towards DT, TT, Haemophilus influenzae type b polyribosylribitol phosphate (Hib PRP) and PHiD-CV10 before and after primary- and booster vaccination as secondary study endpoints; pertussis antibodies were the primary endpoint of the study. This trial is registered in clinicaltrialsregister.eu (EudraCT 2012-004006-9) and trialregister.nl (NTR number NTR4314). Post primary vaccinations, antibody levels to DT, but not TT, were significantly lower after Tdap vaccination during pregnancy compared to controls (GMC ratio 0.4, 95% CI 0.3-0.6 and 0.9, 95...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

First Diphtheria, Tetanus and Acellular Pertussis (DTaP) Vaccination
Tetanus toxoid vaccine, inactivated
Drug Carriers
Pneumococcal vaccine
Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine
CRM197 (non-toxic variant of diphtheria toxin)
Vaccines
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Maternal
Clinical Trials

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