Infant feeding in Finnish children less than 7 yr of age with newly diagnosed IDDM. Childhood Diabetes in Finland Study Group
We studied associations between the type of feeding in infancy and the incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). We studied 103 newly diagnosed diabetic children less than 7 yr of age and 103 age- and sex-matched population-based control children in a countrywide study. The risk of IDDM was decreased (P less than 0.05) among children breast-fed for at least 7 mo (odds ratio [OR] 0.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.24-0.85) or exclusively breast-fed for at least 3 (OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.13-0.84) or 4 (OR 0.43, 95% CI 0.22-0.84) mo. Also, children who were greater than or equal to 4 mo old at the time of introduction of supplementary milk feeding had a lower risk of diabetes (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.26-0.91). The protective effects of a long duration of breast-feeding and a late introduction of dairy products on the risk of IDDM remained significant after adjusting for the mother's education.
The case for elimination of cow's milk in early infancy in the prevention of type 1 diabetes: the Finnish experience
A model for the involvement of MHC class II proteins in the development of type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in response to bovine serum albumin peptides
Follow-up of anti-beta-lactoglobulin antibodies in children with type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus
Diet, cow's milk protein antibodies and the risk of IDDM in Finnish children. Childhood Diabetes in Finland Study Group
A high weight gain early in life is associated with an increased risk of type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus
Serum fatty acids and risk of advanced beta-cell autoimmunity: a nested case-control study among children with HLA-conferred susceptibility to type I diabetes
Breastfeeding and introduction of solid foods in Swedish infants: the All Babies in Southeast Sweden study
Feeding in infancy and the risk of type 1 diabetes mellitus in Finnish children. The 'Childhood Diabetes in Finland' Study Group
Is breast feeding beneficial in the UK? Statement of the standing Committee on Nutrition of the British Paediatric Association
Lower consumption of cow milk protein A1 beta-casein at 2 years of age, rather than consumption among 11- to 14-year-old adolescents, may explain the lower incidence of type 1 diabetes in Iceland than in Scandinavia
Current evidence on the associations of breastfeeding, infant formula, and cow's milk introduction with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review
Birth weight, early weight gain, and subsequent risk of type 1 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis
The interface between epidemiology and molecular biology in the search for the causes of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Diabetes and antenatal milk expressing: a pilot project to inform the development of a randomised controlled trial
Maternal food consumption during pregnancy and risk of advanced β-cell autoimmunity in the offspring
Interaction of enterovirus infection and cow's milk-based formula nutrition in type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmunity
Potential mechanisms explaining why hydrolyzed casein-based diets outclass single amino acid-based diets in the prevention of autoimmune diabetes in diabetes-prone BB rats
Daily vegetable intake during pregnancy negatively associated to islet autoimmunity in the offspring--the ABIS study
American Diabetes Association Journals
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Autoimmune Diabetes & Tolerance
Patients with type I diabetes lack insulin-producing beta cells due to the loss of immunological tolerance and autoimmune disease. Discover the latest research on targeting tolerance to prevent diabetes.