Infant mortality among Arab-Americans: findings from the Arab-American birth outcomes study

Maternal and Child Health Journal
Darryl W FinktonSandro Galea

Abstract

Arab-Americans (AAs) have lower risk of preterm birth relative to Non-Arab Whites. This has been attributed to lower likelihood of birth out of wedlock, maternal tobacco use during pregnancy, and foreign maternal birthplace among AAs. We were interested in understanding the roles of these and other demographic factors in the etiology of infant mortality among this group. Using data about all live, singleton births between 1989 and 2005 in the state with the highest proportion of AAs in the US, we calculated infant mortality (death prior to 1 year of life) for AAs and Non-Arab Whites. To clarify the etiology of potential differences in infant mortality, we also assessed infant mortality sub-categories, including neonatal mortality (death prior to 28 days of life) and post-neonatal mortality (death between 28 and 365 days of life). We fit trivariable and multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for explanatory covariates to assess each covariate's contributions to the relation between ethnicity and infant mortality. AAs had a lower infant mortality rate (4.7 per 1,000 live births) than non-Arab Whites (5.6 per 1,000 live births), overall (odds ratio = 0.84, 95% confidence interval: 0.74-0.96). In trivariable models, adju...Continue Reading

References

Aug 1, 1993·American Journal of Public Health·P A BuescherJ M Bowling
Jul 3, 2002·Maternal and Child Health Journal·Ellen M PapacekAimee Drolet
Sep 11, 2002·Obstetrics and Gynecology·Maureen Glennon PhippsSonya M DeMonner
Apr 18, 2003·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·D D Reidpath, P Allotey
Dec 1, 2004·American Journal of Public Health·Michael S McGladeMarie E Dahlstrom
Jan 5, 2005·Pediatrics·Nancy A Hessol, Elena Fuentes-Afflick
Feb 10, 2006·Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing : JOGNN·Sally Northam, Thomas R Knapp
Mar 3, 2007·Maternal and Child Health Journal·Darline K El RedaAmanda Davis-Harrier
Oct 31, 2007·MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing·Anahid KulwickiSusan Devine
Apr 11, 2008·Early Human Development·Marcia TroeseMarie J Hayes
Aug 1, 2009·BMC Public Health·Abdulrahman M El-Sayed, Sandro Galea
Aug 21, 2009·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·Abdulrahman M El-Sayed, Sandro Galea
Oct 3, 2009·Epidemiology·Katrine Strandberg-LarsenJørn Olsen
Jan 6, 2010·Journal of Perinatal Medicine·Panagiota Kitsantas, Kathleen F Gaffney
Sep 17, 2010·Ethnicity & Health·Abdulrahman M El-SayedSandro Galea
Nov 3, 2010·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·Abdulrahman M El-Sayed, Sandro Galea
Nov 10, 2010·Addiction·David P PhillipsPaul Wadensweiler
Dec 22, 2010·Pediatrics·T J MathewsBernard Guyer

Citations

Sep 27, 2018·Frontiers in Public Health·Nadia N AbuelezamSandro Galea
Oct 25, 2020·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·Clara Bolster-FoucaultNathalie Auger
Nov 29, 2020·Maternal and Child Health Journal·Ayaz Hyder, Kierra S Barnett
Oct 7, 2020·American Journal of Preventive Medicine·Nadia N AbuelezamSummer Sherburne Hawkins

Related Concepts

Cause of Death
Health Surveys
Postneonatal Mortality
Maternal Age
Land Tenure
Confidence Intervals
Logistic Regression
Palestinian Race
European Continental Ancestry Group
Birth

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.