Infection with novel Bacteroides phage BV01 alters host transcriptome and bile acid metabolism in a common human gut microbe

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Danielle Elizabeth CampbellP. H. Degnan


The bacterial genus Bacteroides is among the most abundant and common taxa in the human gut, yet little is known about the phages infecting the group. Bacteroides phage BV01 (BV01) was identified as a prophage integrated on the chromosome of its host, Bacteroides vulgatus ATCC 8482. Phage BV01 is actively produced, and infects susceptible B. vulgatus hosts in the mouse gut. Infection with BV01 causes a generalized repression of the B. vulgatus transcriptome, downregulating 103 transcripts and upregulating only 12. Integration of BV01 disrupts the promoter sequence of a downstream gene encoding a putative tryptophan-rich sensory protein (tspO). Deletion of tspO and subsequent RNAseq analysis revealed that more than half of the differentially-regulated transcripts are shared with the BV01 lysogen, suggesting the transcriptomic response to BV01 is linked to tspO. Among these differentially-regulated transcripts are two encoding bile salt hydrolases. Bile acid deconjugation assays show that BV01 represses its host's ability to hydrolyze bile acids in a tspO-dependent manner. Analysis of 256 published healthy human gut metagenomes suggests that phage integration adjacent to B. vulgatus-like tspO genes is rare within an individual, b...Continue Reading

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