Infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy: seroepidemiological studies in Austria

Zoonoses and Public Health
R Edelhofer, H Prossinger


Seropositivity among pregnant woman in Austria has decreased from 48% to 50% at the end of the 1970s to 35% in recent years. Despite this decrease, knowledge of possible sources and risk factors for Toxoplasma infection remains important. We reviewed seroepidemiological studies that were undertaken to assess the roles of undercooked meat and oocysts in cat faeces as potential sources of infection in pregnant women. Improved management and hygiene in pig herds raised in confinement have resulted in less contact of pigs with cats and a decrease of infected pigs within one decade from 14% in 1982 to 0.9% in 1992. In Austrian wild boar populations, however, seroprevalences remained essentially unchanged during the same decade (18% in 1983 and 19% in 1990-1993). Austrian sheep and goats are usually kept on small farms where cats abound and are predominantly seropositive (66% in sheep and 69% in goats). The seroprevalence in cats has decreased from approximately 81% in 1987 to 59% in 1996; presumably because of cats' increased consumption of processed food. Despite the decrease of infection in pregnant women via the cat-to-pig pathway, it may be offset by a recent concomitant increase in mutton consumption. Free-ranging chickens are ...Continue Reading


Apr 1, 1978·Journal of Wildlife Diseases·G Kapperud
Nov 1, 1976·The Journal of protozoology·J P Dubey, J K Frenkel
Mar 1, 1992·International Journal of Food Microbiology·A Lundén, A Uggla
Aug 1, 1990·Nihon juigaku zasshi. The Japanese journal of veterinary science·Y OmataN Suzuki
Feb 1, 1986·Veterinary Parasitology·J P Dubey
Jan 1, 1974·Veterinary Pathology·J P Dubey, J K Frenkel
Oct 1, 1970·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·J P DubeyJ K Frenkel
Feb 1, 1972·The Journal of protozoology·J P Dubey, J K Frenkel
Jan 1, 1967·Archiv für klinische und experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde·L Stockinger, E Vyslonzil
Aug 1, 1996·Seminars in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery (small Animal)·M R Lappin
Jul 1, 1997·Journal of Wildlife Diseases·K HejlícekJ Nezval
Apr 28, 2000·Veterinary Microbiology·A Laddomada
Dec 13, 2000·International Journal for Parasitology·A M TenterL M Weiss
Mar 26, 2004·Veterinary Parasitology·Turid VikørenKjell Handeland
Nov 30, 2004·Veterinary Parasitology·J P Dubey
May 30, 2008·International Journal for Parasitology·J P Dubey, J L Jones
Dec 1, 1992·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·I UterakC Folk

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Mar 9, 2013·Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition·Eveline P de JongEnrico Lopriore
Dec 16, 2011·BMC Infectious Diseases·Ulrich SagelRafael T Mikolajczyk
Aug 26, 2011·Parasites & Vectors·Peng ZhouXing-Quan Zhu
Aug 26, 2014·Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology·Mohammad Jafar Yad YadNooshin Noorshahi
Sep 17, 2014·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Marieke OpsteeghJoke W B van der Giessen
Feb 18, 2011·Veterinary Parasitology·Michał CzopowiczTadeusz Frymus
Oct 10, 2012·Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine·Laure Stella Ghoma LinguissiBibiane Koné
Jul 30, 2016·Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry·Kuo ZhangJinming Li
Mar 21, 2017·Journal of Parasitic Diseases : Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology·Gholam Reza AhmadpourHossein Mahmoudvand
Oct 27, 2017·Infectious Diseases of Poverty·Ai-Ling TianXing-Quan Zhu
Mar 11, 2020·Frontiers in Veterinary Science·Nina Eva Trimmel, Chris Walzer
Jul 12, 2017·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Andrea-Romana PrusaEileen Stillwaggon
Dec 5, 2019·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Gabriela Mota Sena de OliveiraAlexandre Dias Munhoz
Jan 24, 2020·Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·A RostamiR B Gasser
Oct 21, 2011·Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira·Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes-MoriItalmar Teodorico Navarro

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Antibodies: Agglutination

Antibody-mediated agglutination is the clumping of cells in the presence of antibody, which binds multiple cells together. This enhances the clearance of pathogens. Find the latest research on antibody-mediated agglutination here.