PMID: 8862279Oct 1, 1996Paper

Infections associated with totally implantable venous access devices (TIVAD) in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients

Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology : Official Publication of the International Retrovirology Association
H DegaB Dupont

Abstract

We report on a retrospective study evaluating infectious morbidity associated with totally implantable venous access devices (TIVAD) (Port-A-Cath) in HIV-infected patients. This study of 84 consecutive HIV-infected patients requiring 89 TIVAD between January 1990 and October 1993 was performed in the Department of Infectious Diseases Hôpital de l'Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. The total number of catheter days was 11,595. Eighteen of 89 patients with TIVAD (20%) were infected, causing 25 infectious events (25/89: 28%) among 17 different patients (17/84: 20%). The infection rate was 0.22 per 100 catheter days. Mean onset of infection was 82 days. Twenty microorganisms were isolated: Staphylococcus aureus in eight cases (40%), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus in six cases (30%), Streptococcus D faecalis in one case; Gram-negative bacilli were found in five cases (25%). All patients received an intravenous antibiotherapy combined with a local lock treatment in eight cases. Nine TIVAD removals were performed. One death was related to the TIVAD infection. No additional predisposing factor for infection was identified other than the implied condition of the HIV infection. The population and material in this study were homogeneous....Continue Reading

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Feb 15, 2001·AIDS Patient Care and STDs·P Domingo, A Fontanet
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