Jan 11, 2019

Infectious Entry of Merkel Cell Polyomavirus

Journal of Virology
Miriam BeckerMario Schelhaas

Abstract

Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) is a small, nonenveloped tumor virus associated with an aggressive form of skin cancer, Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). MCPyV infections are highly prevalent in the human population, with MCPyV virions being continuously shed from human skin. However, the precise host cell tropism(s) of MCPyV remains unclear: MCPyV is able to replicate within a subset of dermal fibroblasts, but MCPyV DNA has also been detected in a variety of other tissues. However, MCPyV appears different from other polyomaviruses, as it requires sulfated polysaccharides, such as heparan sulfates and/or chondroitin sulfates, for initial attachment. Like other polyomaviruses, MCPyV engages sialic acid as a (co)receptor. To explore the infectious entry process of MCPyV, we analyzed the cell biological determinants of MCPyV entry into A549 cells, a highly transducible lung carcinoma cell line, in comparison to well-studied simian virus 40 and a number of other viruses. Our results indicate that MCPyV enters cells via caveolar/lipid raft-mediated endocytosis but not macropinocytosis, clathrin-mediated endocytosis, or glycosphingolipid-enriched carriers. The viruses were internalized in small endocytic pits that led the virus to endoso...Continue Reading

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References

Mentioned in this Paper

Malignant Neoplasm of Skin
Study
Drug Carriers
HEK293 Cells
Virus
Endocytosis
Membrane
Cell Motility
Cutaneous Melanoma
Environment

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