Oct 3, 2014

Role for the flagellum attachment zone in the resolution of cell membrane morphogenesis during Leishmania cell division

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Josephine T DaubJeremy C. Mottram

Abstract

The shape and form of the flagellated eukaryotic parasite Leishmania is sculpted to its ecological niches and needs to be transmitted to each generation with great fidelity. The shape of the Leishmania cell is defined by the sub-pellicular microtubule array and the positioning of the nucleus, kinetoplast and the flagellum within this array. The flagellum emerges from the anterior end of the cell body through an invagination of the cell body membrane called the flagellar pocket. Within the flagellar pocket the flagellum is laterally attached to the side of the flagellar pocket by a cytoskeletal structure called the flagellum attachment zone (FAZ). During the cell cycle single copy organelles duplicate with a new flagellum assembling alongside the old flagellum and these are then segregated between the two daughter cells by cytokinesis, which initiates at the anterior cell tip. Here, we have investigated the role of the FAZ in the morphogenetic resolution of the anterior cell tip during cell division. We have deleted the FAZ filament protein, FAZ2 and investigated its function using light and electron microscopy and infection studies. The loss of FAZ2 caused a disruption in membrane organisation at the anterior cell tip, resultin...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Biochemical Pathway
Positioning Attribute
Patterns
Laboratory Procedures
2-Dimensional
Genome
Genes
Genomic Stability
Equilibrium

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