Apr 9, 2020

Requirement of DNMT1 to orchestrate epigenomic reprogramming during NPM-ALK driven T cell lymphomagenesis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
E. RedlGerda Egger

Abstract

Malignant transformation depends on genetic and epigenetic events that result in a burst of deregulated gene expression and chromatin changes. To dissect the sequence of events in this process, we used a T cell-specific lymphoma model based on the human oncogenic NPM-ALK translocation. We find that transformation of T cells shifts thymic cell populations to an undifferentiated immunophenotype, which occurs only after a period of latency, accompanied by induction of the MYC-NOTCH1 axis and deregulation of key epigenetic enzymes. We discover aberrant DNA methylation patterns, overlapping with regulatory regions, plus a high degree of epigenetic heterogeneity between individual tumors. In addition, ALK positive tumors show a loss of collaborative methylation patterns of neighboring CpG sites. Notably, deletion of the maintenance DNA methyltransferase DNMT1 completely abrogates lymphomagenesis in this model, despite oncogenic signaling through NPM-ALK, suggesting that faithful maintenance of tumor-specific methylation through DNMT1 is essential for sustained proliferation and tumorigenesis.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Size
CFC1 gene
Genome
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Recombination, Genetic
CFC1 wt Allele
Genome, Human
CFC1
Genetic Loci
Mutation Abnormality

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