Infertility and reproductive disorders: impact of hormonal and inflammatory mechanisms on pregnancy outcome

Human Reproduction Update
Silvia VannucciniFelice Petraglia

Abstract

Reproductive disorders and infertility are associated with the risk of obstetric complications and have a negative impact on pregnancy outcome. Affected patients often require assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to conceive, and advanced maternal age is a further confounding factor. The challenge is to dissect causation, correlation and confounders in determining how infertility and reproductive disorders individually or together predispose women to poor pregnancy outcomes. The published literature, to June 2015, was searched using PubMed, summarizing all evidences concerning the perinatal outcome of women with infertility and reproductive disorders and the potential mechanisms that may influence poor pregnancy outcome. Reproductive disorders (endometriosis, adenomyosis, polycystic ovary syndrome and uterine fibroids) and unexplained infertility share inflammatory pathways, hormonal aberrations, decidual senescence and vascular abnormalities that may impair pregnancy success through common mechanisms. Either in combination or alone, these disorders results in an increased risk of preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, placental pathologies and hypertensive disorders. Systemic hormonal aberrations, and inflammatory and me...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Biochemical Pathway
Sclerocystic Ovaries
Clinical Management
Placenta Specimen
Endometrium
Isolation Aspects
Blood Vessel
Fetal Growth Retardation
Placenta

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