Sep 1, 1977

Infertility in patients with hyperprolactinemia from a pituitary adenoma. Effect of transsphenoidal pituitary adenectomy

Archives of Internal Medicine
L I DolmanF H Tyler


Four patients with infertility caused by a prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma underwent transsphenoidal pituitary adenectomy. Preoperatively, in three patients prolactin level was elevated and gonadotropin levels were depressed. In one patient, prolactin level was elevated, and gonadotropin levels were normal, although no rise in gonadotropin levels was noted after clomiphene citrate therapy. In another patient growth hormone level was elevated. Pituitary function was otherwise normal in all patients. The patients underwent transsphenoidal pituitary adenectomy and postoperatively the first three showed normal prolactin and growth hormone levels. The fourth has not yet been reevaluated. Spontaneous pregnancy occurred in all four patients without manipulation shortly after surgery. We suggest that transsphenoidal pituitary adenectomy is a successful and low-risk approach to infertility secondary to prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomata.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Depressed - Symptom
Clomiphene Citrate
Pituitary Diseases
Gonadotropin [EPC]
PRL gene
Pituitary Neoplasms
Pituitary Hormonal Agents

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