Mar 10, 2015

Inflammation: a culprit for vascular calcification in atherosclerosis and diabetes

Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS
L Bessueille, D Magne

Abstract

It is today acknowledged that aging is associated with a low-grade chronic inflammatory status, and that inflammation exacerbates age-related diseases such as osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Vascular calcification is a complication that also occurs during aging, in particular in association with atherosclerosis and T2DM. Recent studies provided compelling evidence that vascular calcification is associated with inflammatory status and is enhanced by inflammatory cytokines. In the present review, we propose on one hand to highlight the most important and recent findings on the cellular and molecular mechanisms of vascular inflammation in atherosclerosis and T2DM. On the other hand, we will present the effects of inflammatory mediators on the trans-differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cell and on the deposition of crystals. Since vascular calcification significantly impacts morbidity and mortality in affected individuals, a better understanding of its induction and development will pave the way to develop new therapeutic strategies.

  • References168
  • Citations28

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Crystal - Body Material
Vascular Inflammations
Morbidity Aspects
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Interleukin-1
Chondrocyte
Alzheimer's Disease
Cell Differentiation Process

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