Inflammation and Parkinson's disease pathogenesis: Mechanisms and therapeutic insight

Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
Gianluigi ForloniClaudia Balducci


After Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease is the most frequent neurodegenerative disorder. Although numerous treatments have been developed to control the disease symptomatology, with some successes, an efficacious therapy affecting the causes of PD is still a goal to pursue. The genetic evidence and the identification of α-synuclein as the main component of intracellular Lewy bodies, the neuropathological hallmark of PD and related disorders, have changed the approach to these disorders. More recently, the detrimental role of α-synuclein has been further extended to explain the wide spread of cerebral pathology through its oligomers. To emphasize the central pathogenic role of these soluble aggregates, we have defined synucleinopathies and other neurodegenerative disorders associated with protein misfolding as oligomeropathies. Another common element in the pathogenesis of oligomeropathies is the role played by inflammation, both at the peripheral and cerebral levels. In the brain parenchyma, inflammatory reaction has been considered an obvious consequence of neuronal degeneration, but recent observations indicate a direct contribution of glial alteration in the early phase of the disease. Furthermore, systemic inflammati...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Alzheimer's Disease
Objective (Goal)
Chronic Inflammation
Nerve Degeneration
Parkinson Disease
Pathologic Processes
Amyloid beta-Peptides
Tau Proteins

Related Feeds

Astrocytes in Parkinson Disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons. Some PD-genes may be associated with astrocyte dysfunction. Discover the latest research on astrocytes in Parkinson's disease here.

Alpha-Synuclein Structure & Function

α-Synuclein is an integral component of Lewy bodies which are comprised of protein clumps and are a pathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease. Here is the latest research on α-synuclein structure and function.

Alzheimer's Disease: Microglia

Microglia are a type of glial cell found throughout the brain and spinal cord. Microglia have been found to be associated with Alzheimer's disease development and progression. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to Alzheimer's disease and microglia.

Alzheimer's Disease: Tau & TDP-43

Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease. This feed focuses on the underlying role of tau proteins and TAR DNA-binding protein 43, as well as other genetic factors, in Alzheimer's disease.

Alpha-Synuclein Aggregation (MDS)

Alpha-synucleins are small proteins that are believed to restrict the mobility of synpatic vesicles and inhibit neurotransmitter release. Aggregation of these proteins have been linked to several types of neurodegenerative diseases including dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease. Here is the latest research on α-synuclein aggregation.

Alzheimer's Disease: Amyloid Beta

Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease associated with the accumulation of amyloid plaques in the brain; these plaques are comprised of amyloid beta deposits. Here is the latest research in this field.