Jan 19, 2020

Inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers induced by silica exposure in crystal craftsmen

American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ana Paula Scalia CarneiroAndré Talvani

Abstract

Identification of biomarkers associated with the diagnosis and prognosis of silicosis would be highly advantageous in the clinical setting. The aim of this study is to evaluate inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in subjects exposed to silica. A cross-sectional study of crystal craftsmen currently (n = 34) or formerly (n = 35) exposed and a group of nonexposed subjects (n = 12) was performed. Personal respirable dust samples were collected. Plasma inflammatory mediators (bone morphogenetic protein- BMP2 and chemokines CXCL16, and CCL5), oxidative stress enzymes (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARs] and superoxide dismutase [SOD]), and nitrite (NO2- ) were analyzed in parallel with nitric oxide in exhaled breath (FeNO). Being currently or formerly exposed to silica was related to increased levels of CXCL16 and TBARs. Currently, exposed subjects showed decreased levels of SOD. Thirty-seven craftsmen with silicosis (26 formerly and 11 currently exposed) showed higher levels of CXCL16, which was positively associated with the radiological severity of silicosis. Compared with the nonexposed, subjects with silicosis had higher levels of TBARs and those with complicated silicosis had lower levels of SOD. In multiva...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Nitrogen Dioxide
CCL5
CXCL16 protein, human
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
Plasma
SOD1
Inflammation Mediators
Inflammation
Silicon Dioxide
Silicosis

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