May 18, 2010

Influence of an impedance threshold valve on ventilation with supraglottic airway devices during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a manikin

Resuscitation
H V GenzwuerkerThoralf Kerner

Abstract

This study investigates if a n impedance threshold valve (ITV) might improve survival after cardiac arrest by increasing vital organ blood flow. The combination of ITV and supraglottic airway devices (SADs) has not been previously studied. This simulation study in a manikin aimed at analysing differences in ventilation with different SADs without and with an ITV. In a resuscitation manikin, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed with interrupted (30:2) and continuous chest compressions using facemask, tracheal tube and 10 SADs (six different laryngeal masks, LT-D, LTS-D, Combitube((R)) and Easy Tube((R))). Ventilation was performed with and without an ITV. A total of 550 CPR cycles of 3-min duration were performed with chest compressions and ventilation standardised by use of a mechanical thumper device and an emergency ventilator. Sufficient ventilation was possible with all devices tested. For ventilation during continuous chest compressions, there were significantly reduced tidal volumes for all airway devices with ITV use. By contrast, during interrupted chest compressions, no differences in tidal volumes with the ITV occurred in the majority of devices. The maximum reduction of tidal volume for any device was 7....Continue Reading

  • References17
  • Citations2

References

  • References17
  • Citations2

Mentioned in this Paper

Electric Impedance
Circulatory System
Airway Resistance
Trachea
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Supraglottic
Manikins
Blood Flow
Anterior Thoracic Region
Chest

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