Influence of carbohydrates on quantitative aspects of growth and embryo formation in wild carrot suspension cultures.

Plant Physiology
D C Verma, D K Dougall


Wild carrot (Daucus carota L.) cell suspensions were grown on a mineral salt medium supplemented with 10 mmmyoinositol in the presence and absence of 2.25 mum 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), and a variety of carbon sources.The data obtained on growth and embryo number in the absence of 2,4-D show that wild carrot suspensions were able to utilize sucrose, glucose, fructose, galactose, mannose, maltose, raffinose, or stachyose as a carbon source. A highly significant correlation between dry weight and embryo number was obtained regardless of the carbohydrate source suggesting the involvement of a common intermediate in the metabolism of the various sugars.In the presence of 2.25 mum 2,4-D, embryo formation was suppressed. Time course of dry weights obtained in the presence and absence of 2,4-D show that 2,4-D increased the growth rate of the tissue when glucose, fructose, mannose, or stachyose was used as the carbon source. The growth rates on other sugars remained unchanged under these conditions.


Dec 1, 1969·Plant Physiology·D F Wetherell

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