Influence of cholecystectomy on the flow dynamic pattern of bile in the extrahepatic bile duct: Assessment by cine-dynamic MRCP with spatially-selective IR pulse.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Hidemitsu SotozonoKatsuyoshi Ito

Abstract

To evaluate the influence of cholecystectomy on the flow dynamic pattern of bile in the extrahepatic bile duct by using cine-dynamic MRCP with spatially-selective inversion-recovery (IR) pulse non-invasively. 56 patients with cholecystectomy and 48 control subjects without cholecystectomy who underwent cine-dynamic MRCP with spatially-selective IR pulse at 1.5 T or 3 T (TR/TE, 4000 msec/500 msec; echo train spacing, 6.5 msec; echo train length, 172; section thickness, 50 mm; matrix, 320 × 320; field of view, 320 × 320 mm; bandwidth, 488 Hz; and inversion time, 2200 msec). In cine-dynamic MRCP, IR pulse with 20 mm width was placed on the common bile duct (CBD) to evaluate the movement of bile (antegrade and reversed bile flow). Cine-dynamic MRCP imaging was scanned every 15 s (imaging, 4 s; rest, 11 s) during 5 min to acquire a series of single-shot images (a total of 20 images). The frequency that antegrade or reversed bile flow was observed in the extrahepatic bile duct, and 5-point grading score based on the moving distance of antegrade or reversed bile flow were compared between the groups. Both groups were compared using the χ2 and Mann-Whitney U tests (P < 0.05 considered significant). Antegrade bile flow was observed more...Continue Reading

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