PMID: 37772Jun 1, 1979

Influence of combined moderate arterial hypoxaemia and moderate hypovolaemic hypotension on cerebral blood flow and cerebral oxidative and energy metabolism in the dog (author's transl)

Der Anaesthesist
K WiedemannS Hoyer

Abstract

The influence on total cerebral blood flow, cerebral metabolic rates for oxygen, carbon dioxide, glucose, lactate and pyruvate and on cerebral grey matter content of glucose, lactate and pyruvate and high energy phosphate compounds of combined moderate reduction in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and moderate arterial hypoxaemia was studied. Individually arterial hypoxaemia and arterial hypotension of the same degree would neither impair autoregulation of cerebral blood flow nor cerebral oxygen availability. Four groups of 10 dogs each were studied under control conditions (group I), with reduction of CPP to 70 mm Hg (group II), with reduction of paO2 to 45 mm Hg (group III) or with a combination of these degrees of hypotension and hypoxaemia (group IV) after steady states of 30 min duration. Cbf was elevated by 40% in group III (p less than or equal to 0.01), CMRO2 was reduced significantly in group IV (p less than or equal to 0.01, CMR lactate was raised significantly in all three experimental groups (p less than or equal to 0.01). All other data were not significantly different from values in control animals. Cerebral tissue lactate content was elevated significantly in groups II to IV as compared to controls (less than or...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Cerebral Blood Flow Imaging
Lactate
Circulatory System
Energy Metabolism
Pyruvate Measurement
Brain
Gray Matter
Oxygen Measurement, Partial Pressure, Arterial
Phosphate Measurement

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.