Jan 1, 1976

Influence of drugs and chemicals upon hepatic enzymes and proteins. II. The effects of various barbiturates on the induction and reduction of hepatic cytoplasmic organic anion-binding proteins

Gastroenterologia Japonica
Y Adachi, T Yamamoto


The effects of seven barbiturates (phenobarbital, three N-phenylbarbiturates and three N-cyclohexylbarbiturates) on the hepatic cytoplasmic organic anion-binding proteins, Y and Z, were investigated in an attempt to observe the structure-activity relationship of baributrates to induction and reduction of these two proteins. Sulfobromophthalein (BSP) was fully bound by the Y and Z proteins at ten minutes of mixing with the 10,5000 X g supernate. In low concentrations of BSP, saturation of binding of BSP by the Z protein was very low, and with increasing concentration, BSP-binding by the Z protein increased rapidly. The Y protein bound BSP sufficiently even in low concentrations of the dye. BSP-binding capacity of the Yprotein was increased by phenobarbital, phetharbital and bucolome, and decreased by one of the N-phenylbarbiturates. BSP-binding capacity of the Zprotein tended to be decreased by phenobarbital and phetharbital, but to be increased by bucolome. The other N-phenyl- and N-cyclohexylbarbiturates had no effect on the binding capacities of the two proteins. From these results it was concluded that the regulation by the barbiturates of cytoplasmic proteins is different from that of the microsomal enzymes, and that both t...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Structure-Activity Relationship
Gene Products, Protein
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Rats, Laboratory

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