Oct 1, 1989

Influence of isoprinosine on lymphocyte function in virus-infected feeder pigs

American Journal of Veterinary Research
K P FlamingG A Anderson

Abstract

Pseudorabies is a porcine herpesvirus of major importance in the swine industry. Isoprinosine is an immunomodulating drug that has been shown to be beneficial in treating herpesvirus infections. Twenty-four 7-week-old pigs were allotted within litters to 1 of 4 groups: control, isoprinosine (ISO), pseudorabies virus (PRV), or isoprinosine and pseudorabies virus (ISO-PRV). Isoprinosine was administered daily for 16 days to the ISO and ISO-PRV groups (75 mg/kg of body weight/day, PO). Immunity in pigs in the PRV and ISO-PRV groups was challenged with pseudorabies virus (10(5) TCID50 units) on day 4. Rectal temperatures and viral excretion were monitored daily; total and differential leukocyte counts, lymphocyte response to mitogens, and interleukin-2 production were monitored every 4 days. Pigs challenge-inoculated with pseudorabies virus became ill, with the ISO-PRV group most severely affected. Rectal temperatures were high (P less than 0.05) in virally challenged pigs on days 5 to 12 and 14 to 16; isoprinosine did not alter this effect. Pseudorabies virus-infected pigs had leukocytosis (P less than 0.05) on days 12 and 16, primarily caused by neutrophilia. Concanavalin A-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation was decreased (P les...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Polycythemia Vera
Lymphocyte Proliferation
Imunovir
Nasal Cavity
Neutrophilia, Hereditary
Pseudorabies
Simplexvirus
Leukocytosis
Lymphopenia
IL2

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