Nov 1, 1983

Influence of mixed venous oxygen tension (PVO2) on blood flow to atelectatic lung

Anesthesiology
K B DominoB E Marshall

Abstract

The influence of mixed venous oxygen tension (PVO2) on blood flow to the atelectatic left lung was studied at normal and reduced cardiac outputs (CO) using extracorporeal veno-venous bypass in six pentobarbital anesthetized, mechanically ventilated dogs. Aortic and left pulmonary artery flows; airway, left atrial, central venous, pulmonary, and systemic arterial pressures; hemoglobin, arterial, and mixed venous blood gases were measured. The blood flow reduction observed in atelectasis was altered by the PVO2. Approximately 50% of blood flow was diverted away from atelectatic lung when PVO2 was low (24 +/- 2 mmHg) or normal (46 +/- 2 mmHg) (mean left lung blood flow [QL%] was 23.2 +/- 4.6% with low PVO2 and 19.0 +/- 3.4%, with normal PVO2). When PVO2 was increased to greater than 100 mmHg, diversion of blood flow away from atelectatic lung did not occur and QL% was nearly the flow expected for normoxic ventilated left lung (mean QL% = 40.4 +/- 5.9%). Shunt (QS/QT%) was significantly greater when PVO2 was high than when it was normal or low (mean QS/QT% = 51.7 +/- 5.6%, 31.0 +/- 3.1%, 26.0 +/- 3.4% with high, normal, and low PVO2, respectively). Mean PaO2 was significantly greater when PVO2 was high than when PVO2 was normal or ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Arterial Pulse Pressure
Dioxygen
Lung
Measurement of Venous Partial Pressure of Oxygen
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Oxygen Measurement, Partial Pressure, Arterial
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio
Blood Flow
Left Lung
Pulmonary Artery Structure

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