PMID: 984204Oct 1, 1976

Influence of potassium on renal ammonia production

The American Journal of Physiology
R L Tannen, J McGill


The influence of potassium homeostasis on ammonia production was investigated with both cortical and medullary slices from rat kidney. Renal cortical slices from rats depleted of potassium by dietary restriction produced 31% more NH3 than slices from pair-fed controls. A high-potassium diet for 1 wk diminished ammonia production in cortical slices by 5% in comparison with rats pair fed a normal diet (161 vs. 169 mumol/90 min per g wet wt; P less than 0.05). Pair feeding did not introduce an experimental artifact, since animals ingesting similar K+ diets showed no difference in NH3 production. In contrast to cortex, NH3 production by outer medullary slices from K+-depleted animals was similar to pair-fed controls. Medulla from potassium-loaded rats exhibited an impressive inhibition in NH3 production averaging 36%. These striking differences between cortex and medulla suggest that specific alterations in potassium homeostasis may influence NH3 production selectively at different tubular sites. In vitro manipulation of K+ homeostasis produced by varying bathing media K+ from 0 to 144 mM, with concomitant changes in intracellular K+ from 30 to 130 mM, had no detectable influence on NH3 production by cortical slices. Hence altered ...Continue Reading


May 22, 2009·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·Stephanie M Busque, Carsten A Wagner
Sep 15, 1977·The New England Journal of Medicine·A SebastianR C Morris
Dec 12, 2012·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·Jesse M BishopI David Weiner
Apr 22, 2015·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·P Richard GrimmPaul A Welling
Dec 1, 1984·Journal of Clinical Pathology·D S O'Reilly
Feb 6, 2009·Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN·Fiona E Karet
Jul 29, 2011·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·Shaikh Abu HossainHassane Amlal
Feb 1, 1990·The Journal of Urology·W H DickW L Shirrell
Aug 19, 2004·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·Jakob K JakobsenJens Leipziger

Related Concepts

Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Kidney Papilla
Potassium Deficiency

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.