PMID: 1321108Jun 1, 1992

Influence of proton availability on intracapillary CO2-HCO3(-)-H+ reactions in isolated rat lungs

Journal of Applied Physiology
T A Heming, A Bidani


Transcapillary CO2 exchange entails a transient perfusate CO2-HCO3(-)-H+ disequilibrium, leading to net loading or unloading of blood HCO3-. Perfusate reequilibration may or may not reach completion during the time of capillary transit, depending on the rate of intracapillary CO2-HCO3(-)-H+ reactions. Failure to reestablish equilibrium within the "open" capillary system leads to continued reequilibration in the "closed" postcapillary vasculature with resultant shifts in postcapillary perfusate PCO2, pH, and [HCO3-]. In the present study, we determined the effects of perfusate nonbicarbonate buffer capacity (beta) on intracapillary CO2-HCO3(-)-H+ reactions in isolated saline-perfused rat lungs. Effects of beta on the rate of transcapillary CO2 excretion (VCO2) and the magnitude of the postcapillary perfusate pH disequilibrium were measured as a function of luminal vascular carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity. The data indicate that beta markedly influenced the kinetics and dynamics of intravascular CO2-HCO3(-)-H+ reactions. beta affected VCO2 and the relative enhancement of VCO2 by luminal vascular CA. The data emphasize the inadequacies of using traditional "equilibrium" models of the CO2-HCO3(-)-H+ system to investigate capillary...Continue Reading


Mar 5, 1998·The American Journal of Physiology·Y H Lien, L W Lai
Feb 28, 2004·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·K M Gilmour, S F Perry

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