Influence of socioeconomic factors on cancer incidence and stage of melanoma in China

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Jiaqi Liu

Abstract

Background: Although a high socioeconomic status (SES) was considered as an established risk factor for melanoma in western countries and areas, there was limited evidence of the association between SES and melanoma in China. Methods: We studied prospectively enrolled primary melanoma patients at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University over a period of 5 years between January 2013 to December 2017. The clinical stage at diagnosis was categorized according to Guidelines of Chinese Society Oncology, Melanoma. SES data were estimated using data from Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People's Republic of China and National Healthcare Security Administration. Results: Of 122 patients with pathologic melanoma diagnosed enrolled in this study. 58 (48%) were male and 64 (52%) were female, the mean age was 59.23{+/-}9.91 years and median age was 60.5 years. Patients in 45-59 age group and 60-73 age group tend to have higher cancer incidence compared with other age groups. The acral lentiginous melanoma (48%) was the most common subtype. Patients with low education level (middle school and below) and low monthly household income (<3000CNY) were associated with a greater risk of melanoma. Similar results were indicated f...Continue Reading

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