Influence of the mode of ventilation on ketamine/xylazine requirements in rabbits

Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Andrey L YershovMichael A Dubick

Abstract

To evaluate the effect of the mode of mechanical ventilation (MV) on the dose of intravenous anesthetic during 3 hours of ketamine/xylazine anesthesia. Prospective laboratory study. Sixty-one adult male New Zealand White rabbits. Rabbits were anesthetized (ketamine/xylazine 35 + 5 mg kg(-1), IM), the trachea was intubated and randomized to four groups - (1) CMV-1 (n = 14), ventilated with traditional conventional volume-cycled MV [V(T) = 12 mL kg(-1), RR = 20, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) = 0 cmH(2)O]; (2) CMV-2 (n = 13), ventilated with a modern lung-protective regimen of volume-cycled MV (V(T) = 6 mL kg(-1), RR = 40, PEEP = 5 cmH(2)O); (3) HFPV (n = 17) ventilated with high-frequency percussive ventilation [high-frequency oscillations (450 minute(-1)) superimposed on 40 minute(-1) low-frequency respiratory cycles, I:E ratio = 1:1], oscillatory continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) of 7-10 cmH(2)O, and demand CPAP of 8-10 cmH(2)O. (4) A fourth group, spontaneously ventilating (SV, n = 17), was anesthetized, intubated, but not ventilated mechanically. FiO(2) in all groups was 0.5. Anesthesia was maintained at a surgical plane by IV administration of a ketamine/xylazine mixture (10 + 2 mg kg(-1), as necessary) fo...Continue Reading

References

Feb 28, 2002·Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie·Tim Aye, Brian Milne
Jun 19, 2003·The Journal of Trauma·Paul E PepeJane G Wigginton
Jul 30, 2004·Anesthesia and Analgesia·Nicola Petrucci, Walter Iacovelli
Oct 29, 2004·Critical Care Medicine·Paul E PepeAhamed H Idris

Citations

Jan 30, 2015·Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira·Metehan UzunHuseyin Toman
Feb 7, 2012·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Leroy L CooperGideon Koren

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Intravenous Injections
Intubation, Intratracheal
Ketaset
Chinchilla Rabbits
Mechanical Ventilation
Specific Pathogen Free
Xylazine Phosphate (1: 1)
Yohimbin Spiegel

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.