Jan 15, 1976

Influence of unsaturated fatty acids in chloroplasts. Shift of the pH optimum of electron flow and relations to deltapH, thylakoid internal pH and proton uptake

European Journal of Biochemistry
P A Siegenthaler, F Depéry


Linolenic acid (C18:3) is the main endogenous unsaturated fatty acid of thylakoid membrane lipids, and seems in its free form to exert significant effects on the structure and function of photosynthetic membranes. In this investigation the effect of linolenic acid was studied at various pH values on the electron flow rate in isolated spinach chloroplasts and related to deltapH, the proton pump and the pH of the inner thylakoid space (pHi). The deltapH and pHi were estimated from the extent of the fluorescence quenching of 9-aminoacridine. Linolenic acid caused a shift (approximately one unit) of the pH optimum for electron flow toward acidity in the following systems: (a) photosystems II + I (from H2O to NADP+ or to 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol) coupled or non-coupled; (b) photosystem II (from H2O to 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol in the presence of dibromothymoquinone). In photosystem I conditions (phenazine methosulphate), the deltapH of the control increased as a function of external pHo with a maximum around pH 8.8. When linolenic acid was added, the deltapH dropped, but its optimum was shifted toward more acidic pHo. The same phenomena were also observed in photosytems II + I (from H2O to ferricyanide) and in photosystem II ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Linolenic Acids
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Respiratory Chain
Plasma Membrane

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