Influence of zinc deficiency to the mice infected with Babesia microti
The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Keiko HamaguchiSoichi Imai
Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace element for DNA synthesis and for cell growth and differentiation. The deficiency induces a wide range of disorders including immunodeficiency. In this study, the influence of Zn deficiency to the mice infected with Babesia microti was examined, and was compared with the influence in the rats infected with B. rodhaini previously reported. Experiments of B. microti infection were conducted using Zn-deficient (ZD; allowed to eat ad libitum on the ZD diet), Zn-adequate (ZA; allowed to eat ad libitum on the ZA diet), and diet-restricted (DR; supplied 2 g/day on the ZA diet) mice. It was suggested that the Zn deficiency exacerbated the infection dynamics of the mice with B. microti by the growth retardation, the reduction of immunity and the decrease in PCV. The results in the mice supported the consequences in the rats previously reported.