Jan 1, 1994

Influences of stimulation frequency and temperature on interval-force relationships in guinea-pig papillary muscles

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
C I SpencerW A Seed

Abstract

Relationships between contractile force and the preceding and pre-preceding stimulation intervals were studied in papillary muscles by interposing variable test intervals during steady-state pacing. The strength of test contractions increased exponentially to a maximum as the preceding (test) interval was lengthened. Contractility decreased as an exponential function of pre-preceding interval. At 37 degrees C, the half times for these processes were unaffected by increasing the steady-state frequency from 1 to 3 Hz. At 27 degrees C, the force increase with preceding interval was accelerated and the decay with pre-preceding interval was retarded as the stimulation frequency was increased from 0.33 to 2 Hz. The time-courses of force increase and decay were similar to each other during stimulation at an optimum frequency characteristic for the temperature. Cooling from 37 to 27 degrees C prolonged the half times for force increase and decay by factors of 4.5 and 3 respectively. The slope of the linear relationship between the force of the contraction pre-preceded by the test interval and the immediately subsequent contraction (recirculation fraction) was also halved. These results suggest that high stimulation frequency and low te...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Myocardial Contraction
Calcium
Cavia
Contraction (Finding)
Myocardium
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Heart
Diastole
Structure of Papillary Muscle
Heart Diseases

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