Informed consent and choice in cholecystectomy

Pediatric Surgery International
Mark D Stringer

Abstract

As patients and parents seek more information and the threat of litigation increases, the process of informed consent has assumed greater importance. Data from large adult experiences indicate that the risk of bile duct injury, although small, is greater with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) than open cholecystectomy. This complication has not yet been documented in pediatric practice, where cholecystectomy is relatively uncommon. What method do parents and patients choose if consent is truly informed? Of 57 consecutive children undergoing cholecystectomy, an open procedure was specifically indicated in 20 (previous major gastrointestinal surgery in 11, concomitant major abdominal operation in four, and complex biliary tract disease in five) and LC in two (cystic fibrosis, severe autism). The remaining 35 patients were counseled in a standard manner about the relative merits of LC versus mini-cholecystectomy (MC) and allowed to choose. Specifically, they were informed that LC offers better cosmesis, less postoperative discomfort, and a shorter hospital stay, but in adults is associated with a slightly increased rate of bile duct injury (0.3-0.5% vs. 0.2%). All MCs were performed through a 4-cm incision. Parents chose LC in 23 ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jun 27, 2007·Surgical Endoscopy·S ChanA A Mahomed
Aug 27, 2015·Academic Pediatrics·Anne M SteyCharles D Vinocur

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