Inhalant allergies in Zimbabwe: a common problem

International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Elopy Nimele Sibanda

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic asthma and atopic dermatitis affect a quarter of the population of the industrialised countries and are the most common symptoms of type I hypersensitivity reactions. Their prevalence has been documented in many communities, yet data from Africa are limited. In the 5-year period from September 1997 to September 2002, approximately 14,000 patients of all ages were referred to the only specialist allergy clinic in Harare, Zimbabwe, for allergy investigation, diagnosis and therapeutic management. In approximately one tenth of these patients, food allergies were diagnosed; less frequent presentations included allergic pharyngitis, bee- or wasp-induced reactions and latex allergy. An allergologic basis for the clinical conditions was established following a careful clinical and physical examination, evaluation of family history and the detection of in vivo (skin prick test) or in vitro (radio-allergo-sorbent test; RAST) allergen-specific IgE antibodies to known sources of inhalant allergens, using commercial allergen extracts and a RAST assay kit. Asthma diagnosis was supported by the clinical and laboratory findings of salbutamol-reversible airways obstruction. Case files of the ...Continue Reading

Citations

Mar 16, 2005·Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology : Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology·Mario Sánchez-BorgesFernan Caballero-Fonseca
Sep 13, 2012·Journal of Parasitology Research·Nadine RujeniFrancisca Mutapi
Aug 2, 2012·Allergy & Rhinology·Tshipukane Dieudonné NyembueMark Jorissen
Feb 2, 2012·International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology·Tshipukane Dieudonné NyembueJean Marie Kayembe
Apr 28, 2012·European Journal of Immunology·Elopy SibandaRudolf Valenta
Apr 2, 2014·Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology·J M Davies
Sep 19, 2019·Immunity, Inflammation and Disease·Patricia K KakoboPeter W Hellings
Jun 7, 2019·Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology : Official Journal of the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology·Elopy Sibanda, Nancy Makaza
Apr 20, 2004·Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology·Uffe Bodtger
Jul 15, 2021·The World Allergy Organization Journal·Caroline MushayiElopy Nimele Sibanda
Jul 8, 2016·The World Allergy Organization Journal·Luis CaraballoVictoria Cardona

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