Oct 6, 2006

Inhalation and dermal exposure to eight antineoplastic drugs in an industrial laundry facility

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Wouter FransmanHans Kromhout

Abstract

The aims of the study were to quantify levels of dermal and inhalation exposure to antineoplastic drugs in an industrial laundry service in the Netherlands and to test the removal efficiency of the washing procedure for removal of antineoplastic drugs. During four workdays dermal and inhalation exposure to eight frequently used antineoplastic drugs (cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, etoposide, cytarabine, gemcitabine and chlorambucil) were measured for all job titles involved in handling unwashed laundry. To test the removal efficiency of the washing procedure, 10 x 10 cm sections were excised before and after the washing procedure. These sections were taken from 15 bed sheets that were collected in hospitals of patients who were treated with one of the selected antineoplastic drugs. During none of the four measurement days, detectable levels of any of the eight antineoplastic drugs (cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, etoposide, cytarabine, gemcitabine, or chlorambucil) were found on workers' skin of hands or in any of the air samples. Only four out of the 15 bed sheets from patients that were treated with antineoplastic drugs appeared to be contaminated with detectable levels ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Skin Absorption
Cytarabine
Antineoplastic Agents
Cyclophosphamide
Fluorouracil
Etoposide
Dermatitis, Occupational
Occupational Exposure
Methotrexate
Inspiration Function

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