Dec 1, 1979

Inherited glucosephosphate isomerase deficiency. A review of known variants and some aspects of the pathomechanism of the deficiency

H Arnold


Since the first report of GPI deficiency in 1967 many patients from all over the world have been described. The patients suffer from a typical nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia with hemolytic crises during acute infections. The disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive, half of the patients are homozygotic, the others are double heterozygotes. The biochemical properties of the deficient enzymes vary widely. Thus, many well characterized enzymes have been designated as different variants. The modification of physicochemical properties surpasses kinetic aberrations. All defective variants are more or less unstable. The activity diminishes progressively, leading to a rise in G6P concentration and in red cells after aging in vitro to a dramatic impairment of glycolysis and concomittant hemolysis. The cause of the metabolic block is the diminished GPI activity itself and not an inhibition of hexokinase by the high G6P.

  • References25
  • Citations10

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol Deficiency
Enzymes for Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers
Metabolic Inhibition
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital Nonspherocytic

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.