PMID: 43011Jun 29, 1979

Inhibited autophagic degradation of cytoplasm during compensatory growth of liver cells after partial hepatectomy

Virchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology
U Pfeifer


The livers from 56 sham-operated and 56 partially hepatectomized male albino rats killed 4--81 h after operation were investigated by electron microscopic morphometry. Following partial hepatectomy, the principal changes in volume fractions in the hepatocellular cytoplasm were: decrease of glycogen and, to a lesser extent, of mitochondria together with considerable increase of fat droplets. The volume fraction of microbodies (= peroxisomes) showed no significant difference between control and regenerating liver. By evaluating large test fields of about 40,000 micrometers 2 sectioned cytoplasm per animal it could be demonstrated that the volume fraction and the numerical density of autophagic vacuoles (AV's) were significantly reduced after partial hepatectomy. The extent of this reduction depended on the postoperative time interval. AV's were reduced by 75% at day 0 (4--17 h p.o.), by 98% at day I (19--33 h p-o.), by 75% at day II (43--57 h p.o.), and still by 50% at day III (67--81 h p.o.). The different types of AV's, defined on the basis of the different cytoplasmic components enclosed, were reduced to similar extent during the respective time periods. The reduction of AV's seems to be specific for the regenerating organ sin...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

S-Phase Fraction
Protein Degradation, Regulatory
Salicylhydroxamic acid
Vacuolar Myopathy
Catabolic Process
Protein Degradation, Metabolic
Tubular Cells

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.