Inhibition and reversal of endotoxin-, aggregated IgG- and paf-induced hypotension in the rat by SRI 63-072, a paf receptor antagonist

D A HandleyR N Saunders


Platelet activating factor (paf) given intravenously produces systemic hypotension in the rat. Similar effects can be induced using endotoxin or heat-aggregated IgG challenges, which are thought to involve endogenous paf release. Extending this concept, we have examined the ability of the paf antagonist SRI 63-072 to inhibit or reverse systemic hypotension induced with paf, heat-aggregated IgG or endotoxin 0111-B4 in rats. At 100 ng kg-1 paf, there occurred a 38.6 +/- 5.1% decrease in carotid mean arterial pressure (MAP) followed by a 3.2 +/- 0.7 min recovery period (RP) to return to normal pressure values. The ED50 of SRI 63-072 was 0.16 mg kg-1 i.v. (MAP) and 0.25 mg kg-1 (RP) when given 1-5 min before the paf challenge. Endotoxin (15 mg kg-1 i.v.) produced a hypotensive response (54 +/- 8% decrease in MAP) and a corresponding 80% decrease in mesenteric artery blood flow. When given 2-8 min after endotoxin, 1.0 mg kg-1 i.v. SRI 63-072 totally restored blood pressure and artery blood flow. SRI 63-072 similarly reversed heat-aggregated IgG (10 mg kg-1) induced reduction of MAP, with an ED50 of 0.05 mg kg-1 i.v. The observations that SRI 63-072 can inhibit or reverse systemic vascular effects produced from paf and other provocat...Continue Reading


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