Sep 1, 1981

Inhibition of calcium-dependent ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum by a new class of indolizidine alkaloids, pumiliotoxins A, B, and 251D

Journal of Neurochemistry
R TamburiniF C Kauffman


Pumiliotoxins (PTX) A, B, and 251D, members of a new class of indolizidine alkaloids isolated from the skin of poison frogs of the family Dendrobatidae, inhibit Ca2+-ATPase activity in sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles from frog and rat hind-limb muscles. PTX-B and PTX-A appear to be relatively specific inhibitors of Ca2+-ATPase; PTX-A is much less potent than PTX-B. PTX-251D is a potent inhibitor of Ca2+-ATPase, and was also found to inhibit Na+, K+, and Mg2+-ATPases in rat brain synaptosomes. Caffeine and verapamil, two drugs known to affect calcium translocation, are very weak inhibitors of the Ca2+-ATPase. The Ki values for inhibition of the Ca2+-ATPase of rat and frog sarcoplasmic reticulum by PTX-B were comparable and ranged between 22 and 36 microM. Inhibition of calcium-dependent ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum by pumiliotoxin-B is noncompetitive with calcium and is not readily reversible. Based on structure-activity profiles, it is concluded that inhibition of Ca2+-ATPase by the indolizidine alkaloids is responsible for the alkaloid-elicited prolongation of twitch in intact muscle.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Rana pipiens
Plant alkaloid
Ca(2+)-Transporting ATPase
Structure-Activity Relationship
Pumiliotoxin B
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum

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