Dec 17, 1985

Inhibition of carboxypeptidase A by ketones and alcohols that are isosteric with peptide substrates

Biochemistry
D GrobelnyR E Galardy

Abstract

The Ki's of three peptide ketone and three peptide alcohol inhibitors of carboxypeptidase A are compared with Ki's of their respective isosteric peptide substrates, N alpha-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine, N alpha-benzoylglycyl-L-phenylalanine, and N alpha-carbobenzoxyglycylglycyl-L-phenylalanine. For the isosteric ketone analogues of these substrates, the respective Ki's are as follows: (2RS)-2-benzyl-4-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxobutanoic acid, 180 +/- 40 microM; (2RS)-5-benzamido-2-benzyl-4-oxopentanoic acid (V), 48 +/- 7 microM; (2RS)-2-benzyl-5-(carbobenzoxyglycinamido)-4-oxopentanoic acid (IX), 9 +/- 0.1 microM. For the alcohols derived by reduction of each of these ketones, Ki's are as follows: (2RS,4RS)-2-benzyl-4-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-hydroxybutanoic acid, 190 +/- 10 microM; (2RS,4RS)-5-benzamido-2-benzyl-4-hydroxybutanoic acid (IV), 160 +/- 62 microM; (2RS,4RS)-2-benzyl-5-(carbobenzoxyglycinamido)-4-hy droxypentanoic acid (XI), 600 +/- 100 microM. Ki values for the competitive peptide ketone inhibitors decrease with increasing peptide chain length. This is consistent with the possibility of increased binding interaction between inhibitor and enzyme by simple occupation of additional binding subsites by adding more amino acid residue...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

CPA1
Carboxypeptidase A
Alcohols
4-hydroxybutyric acid
Carboxypeptidase A5
Structure-Activity Relationship
Ketone Bodies Measurement, Quantitative
Oligopeptides
Carboxypeptidase A Activity
4-oxopentanoic acid

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