Inhibition of electron transfer in the cytochrome b-c, segment of the mitochondrial respiratory chain by a synthetic analogue of ubiquinone

Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
B L Trumpower, J G Haggerty

Abstract

A synthetic analogue of ubiquinone, 5-n-undecyl-6-hydroxy-4,7-dioxobenzothiazole, inhibits oxidation of succinate and NADH-linked substrates by rat liver mitochondria. Inhibition occurs both in the presence (state 3) and absence (state 4) of ADP. With isolated succinate-cytochrome c reductase complex from bovine heart mitochondria the quinone analogue inhibits succinate-cytochrome c reductase and ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase activities but does not inhibit succinate-ubiquinone reductase activity. Inhibition of cytochrome c reductase activities is markedly dependent on pH in the range pH 7-8. At pH 7.0 inhibition occurs with an apparent Ki less than or equal to 1 x 10(-8) M, while at pH 8.0 the apparent Ki is more than an order of magnitude greater than this. Spectrophotometric titrations of 5-n-undecyl-6-hydroxy-4,7-dioxobenzothiazole show a visibly detectable pKa at pH 6.5 attributable to ionization of the 6-hydroxy group. These results indicate that this quinone derivative is a highly specific and potent inhibitor of electron transfer in the b-c1 segment of the respiratory chain. Because of the structural analogy, it is likely that the mechanism of inhibition involves disruption of normal ubiquinone function. In addition,...Continue Reading

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