PMID: 1370314Jan 15, 1992

Inhibition of IgE binding to RBL-2H3 cells by a monoclonal antibody (BD6) to a surface protein other than the high affinity IgE receptor

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
M M HamawyR P Siraganian


A mAb was isolated (mAb BD6) that recognized a surface glycoprotein on rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBL-2H3). The antibody bound to 2 x 10(6) molecules/cell and specifically blocked IgE binding (50% inhibition with 3.48 +/- 0.51 micrograms/ml; mean +/- SEM), although neither IgE nor anti-high affinity IgE receptor (anti-Fc epsilon RI) mAb blocked mAb BD6 binding to the cells. mAb BD6 did not affect the rate of dissociation of cell-bound IgE, nor did it induce or inhibit the internalization of IgE. mAb BD6 did not release histamine. However, it did cause rapid spreading of the cells. By 1 h the cells had retracted to a spherical shape with their surface covered with membranous spikes, and they could easily be detached from the tissue culture plate. These changes differed from those observed after Fc epsilon RI activation. mAb BD6 immunoprecipitated a complex of two proteins, 38 to 50 kDa and 135 kDa from 125I-surface labeled rat basophilic leukemia cells that are not subunits of Fc epsilon RI. Chemical cross-linking studies showed that these molecules are associated on the cell surface. By immunoblotting, mAb BD6 reacted with a 40-kDa protein. Therefore, mAb BD6 binds to a surface protein that is close to the Fc epsilon RI and...Continue Reading

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