Inhibition of myocardial K+ channels by bromobenzoyl-methyladamantylamine, an adamantane derivative

European Journal of Pharmacology
J MészárosJ Szegi

Abstract

The effect of bromobenzoyl-methyladamantylamine (BMA) on transmembrane potentials and contractility of atrial and ventricular myocardium of guinea-pig and cat, as well as on transmembrane ionic currents of the frog atrial trabeculae was studied using conventional glass microelectrode and double sucrose-gap voltage clamp techniques. BMA markedly prolonged the action potential duration, depolarized the cell membrane, reduced the rate of rise of the action potential and exerted a positive inotropic effect on non-clamped myocardial preparations. The drug-induced pacemaker activity in ventricular working muscle of cat. Moreover, BMA antagonized the effects of the K+ channel activator acetylcholine in a dose-dependent manner. BMA was found to induce slow response action potentials in K+ -depolarized ventricular myocardium of guinea-pig. In voltage clamp experiments, BMA reduced the outward K+ current but had no effect on either rapid inward Na+ or slow inward Ca2+ currents. The results suggest that BMA is capable of selectively blocking the myocardial K+ channels.

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Citations

Feb 26, 2013·Chemical Reviews·Lukas WankaPeter R Schreiner
Mar 1, 1987·British Journal of Pharmacology·M G Garrino, J C Henquin

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