Aug 24, 1999

Inhibition of neointima hyperplasia of mouse vein grafts by locally applied suramin

Circulation
Y HuQ Xu

Abstract

Saphenous vein grafts are widely used for aortocoronary bypass surgery as treatment for severe atherosclerosis and often are complicated by subsequent occlusion of the graft vessel. We described a mouse model of venous bypass graft arteriosclerosis that can be effectively retarded by locally applied suramin, a growth factor receptor antagonist. Mouse isogeneic vessels of the vena cava veins pretreated with suramin were grafted end to end into the carotid arteries and enveloped with a mixture of suramin (1 mmol/L) and pluronic-127 gel. In the untreated group, vessel wall thickening was observed as early as 1 week after surgery and progressed to 4-fold and 10-fold the original thickness in grafted veins at 4 and 8 weeks, respectively. Pluronic-127 gel alone did not influence neointima formation. Suramin treatment reduced the neointima hyperplasia 50% to 70% compared with untreated controls. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated that a significant proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) constituted neointimal lesions between 4 and 8 weeks. The majority of SMCs expressed platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors-alpha and -beta, which were significantly reduced by suramin treatment. In vitro studies indicated ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
JUN gene
JUND gene
Great Saphenous Vein Structure
Entire Vena Cava
Map3k1 protein, mouse
Mdk
MAPK3 wt Allele
Map2k2
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases

Related Feeds

African Trypanosomiasis

African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is an insect-borne parasitic disease of humans and other animals. It is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei and almost invariably progresses to death unless treated. Discover the latest research on African trypanosomiasis here.

Cell Signaling by Tyrosine Kinases

Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are the high-affinity cell surface receptors for many polypeptide growth factors, cytokines, and hormones. RTKs have been shown not only to be key regulators of normal cellular processes but also to have a critical role in the development and progression of many types of cancer. Discover the latest research on cell signaling and RTK here.

Anthelmintics (ASM)

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Cardiology Journals

Discover the latest cardiology research in this collection of the top cardiology journals.