Apr 21, 2020

Inhibition of P2X7R in the amygdala ameliorates symptoms of neuropathic pain after spared nerve injury in rats

Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Xiaoling HuFengrui Yang

Abstract

The amygdala circuitry and P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) have both been shown to play important roles in the modulation of neuropathic pain (NP). However, little is known about the functional role of P2X7R in the amygdala for the regulation of NP. This study aims to evaluate the alleviative effect of intra-amygdala microinfusion of a pharmacological antagonist of P2X7R (A-438079) on NP and explore its possible mechanism of action. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to construct the animal model of NP through spared nerve injury (SNI). The SNI rats randomly received chronic bilateral microinjection of A-438079 (100 pmol/side) or saline into the amygdalae via cannulas. Mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal duration (TWD) were measured by von Frey monofilaments. Besides, tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST), open field test (OFT) and sucrose preference test (SPT) were performed to assess depression- and anxiety-like behaviors. Immunofluorescence assay was employed to determine the levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA-1) and connexin 43 (Cx43) in the spinal cord. In addition, the change of growth associated protein 43 (GAP43) level in ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

P2RX7
3'-O-(4-benzoyl)benzoyladenosine 5'-triphosphate
Agonists
Amygdaloid Structure
Astrocytes
Western Blotting
Mental Depression
GJA1
Bilateral
Microglia

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