Inhibition of rabbit aortic angiotensin II (AII) receptor by CV-11974, a new nonpeptide AII antagonist

Biochemical Pharmacology
M NodaK Nishikawa

Abstract

The angiotensin II (AII) antagonistic action of CV-11974 (2-ethoxy-1-[[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl] benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid) was investigated in an AII-receptor binding assay using rabbit aortic membranes and an AII-induced contraction assay using rabbit aortic strips. A single class of [125I]AII-(Sar1,Ile8) binding sites was found in the membranes with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 0.15 nM and a receptor concentration (Bmax) of 86.9 fmol/mg protein. CV-11974 markedly reduced Kd without affecting Bmax. The specific binding of [125I]AII-(Sar1,Ile8) in this preparation was inhibited completely by CV-11974 [the inhibition constant (Ki) = 0.64 nM], DuP 753 [an angiotensin II type I (AT1) receptor-selective antagonist] (Ki = 51 nM) and EXP3174 (an active metabolite of DuP 753) (Ki = 6.8 nM), but was not affected by PD123177 (an AT2 receptor-selective antagonist). These results suggest that the single binding site in rabbit aortic membranes is an AT1 receptor subtype. The affinity of CV-11974 to these AT1 receptors was approximately 80 and 10 times higher than that of DuP 753 and EXP3174, respectively. CV-11974 showed no appreciable affinity for the AT2 receptors found in bovine cerebellum. In the in vitro fun...Continue Reading

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