Inhibition of Sodium Glucose Cotransporters Improves Cardiac Performance

International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Alvaro Garcia-RoperoJuan J Badimon


The sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) inhibitors represent a new alternative for treating patients with diabetes mellitus. They act primarily by inhibiting glucose reabsorption in the renal tubule and therefore, decreasing blood glucose levels. While little is yet known about SGLT subtype 1, SGLT2 inhibitors have demonstrated to significantly reduce cardiovascular mortality and heart failure hospitalizations. This cardioprotective benefit seems to be independent of their glucose-lowering properties; however, the underlying mechanism(s) remains still unclear and numerous hypotheses have been postulated to date. Moreover, preclinical research has suggested an important role of SGLT1 receptors on myocardial ischemia. Following acute phase of cardiac injury there is an increased activity of SGLT1 cotransport that ensures adequate energy supply to the cardiac cells. Nonetheless, a long-term upregulation of this receptor may not be that beneficial and whether its inhibition is positive or not should be further addressed. This review aims to present the most cutting-edge insights into SGLT receptors.


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